You bought an apartment in a new house and hope that the builders did their best, everything is done well. The new apartment must be handed over to the owner without defects and meet quality standards. However, very often the realities are completely different. It is necessary to control independently, after all to eliminate defects if necessary it is necessary at own expense. Minor shortcomings are easy to correct, but some points require considerable financial costs. Therefore, the housing that the developer gives you, you should first carefully inspect. It is desirable to involve a certified technical inspection engineer in this process. What you need to know when receiving an apartment in a new building, we asked the director of LLC “Business Budget Control” Tolushkina A.O.
By signing the acceptance certificate, the investor becomes the owner of the apartment and bears all risks in case of non-compliance of the square footage, walls, ceiling or floor with the parameters stated by the developer. In practice, apartments in new buildings are rented in three versions: with repairs from the developer – “turnkey”, as well as with the so-called finishing and rough finishing. After legalization of the erected house and receipt of all necessary documents, the developer invites investors to inspect the apartment and sign the acceptance certificate.
To avoid possible misunderstandings, you must first carefully study the proposed investment agreement and pay special attention to the technical condition of the apartment will be transferred to the investor. Another important issue may be the condition of calculation of the parties to the contract if the number of paid square meters in the investment agreement will differ from the actual constructed, what penalties are imposed on the developer for delays in construction, commissioning, inconsistency of construction quality.
WE CHECK THE APARTMENT
Most apartments are rented to future owners with a “rough” finish. The developer performs:
- Rough floor screed.
- Starting plaster walls.
- Outputs wiring.
- Mounts windows and balconies according to the project.
- Makes conclusions on water supply and sewerage.
- Installs entrance doors and meters for water, electricity and gas, if provided by the project.
Floor, ceiling, walls.
The floor must be level, without depressions, defects, irregularities and slopes. This is checked using a construction level. It is necessary to measure the area of the apartment. If it is less than stated, the shortage must be compensated financially.
Doors and windows.
The door box must match the size of the doorway – there must be no gaps between them. Also check that the door is installed correctly and that it opens and closes normally. Make sure that the handles do not sway and that the locks work properly. Windows should also open and close smoothly, as well as switch to ventilation mode.
The main wiring cable must be routed to the apartment. Check the status of the meter. All circuit breakers must work on it. If sockets and switches have been installed in the apartment according to the contract, check that they do not fall out of the mounting boxes or sparks during use. Switches must not become hot. Use a light bulb to also check the bases on the chandeliers.
Water supply and drainage.
There should be no puddles near the risers, the screed near them should be dry. Shut-off valves must be in the same plane as the pipes and not sway. Check the presence of tees in the bathroom and toilet – access to them should be free to comfortably install plumbing.
Heating and ventilation.
Check the quality of the ventilation function as follows: open the window and lift a piece of paper to the ventilation opening. If the paper is attracted through the grid, there are no problems. Otherwise the ventilation is faulty. Some apartments have radiators. If required by the contract, they must be securely fastened, so make sure the bolts are tight. The battery must be evenly bolted to the wall. If the batteries have regulators, the developer must install them yourself, as well as check the entire heating system for leaks.
In general, the new apartment must comply with the approved design documentation, the terms of the contract concluded with the developer, as well as the rules prescribed by applicable law. In case of violations, they should be formalized in a reasoned clear claim to the developer. It is very important that the developer receives a statement of violation before signing the act of transfer of the apartment. Such a statement is addressed to the main contractor. He is obliged to accept it, hand over a copy to you and inform you about the terms within which the violation will be eliminated.
WHAT TO PAY ATTENTION BEYOND APARTMENT BOUNDARIES
Entrance and elevator of the house.
The person who bought the apartment in the apartment building is also the co-owner of the entrance. That is why the developer is obliged to take care of bringing it into proper condition before the house is put into operation. In addition to the entrance, you should pay attention to the front door. They should not be crooked, hit the wall or creak. The door handles must not wobble.
The entrance to an apartment building without a working elevator is not allowed to be commissioned. If there are two elevators in your entrance (freight and passenger), then by law at least one of them must work. Both elevators will work for a conscientious developer. Some even install a temporary protective coating on the walls of the elevator so that residents do not damage it with heavy objects during the arrival at the house.
First and last floors.
Additional nuances appear if your apartment is located on the first or top floor. In the first case, you should additionally inspect the basement – inspect the pipes for leaks, make sure there is no moisture and odor. For those whose housing is located on the top floor, it will not be superfluous to check the technical floor and roof for cracks.
To accept an apartment from the developer, I recommend that you use the service of Technical Inspection in the company “BBC”.